Essays & Articles

“Fatted Calf’s Blues – The First Golden Age”
(African American Gospel & Sacred Songs : 1902-1942) – by Max Haymes


1 Blassingame John W. The Slave Community (Plantation Life In The Antebellum South) Rev. & enlarged ed. [Oxford University Press. New York. Oxford] 1979.
2 Cruz Jon Culture On The Margins (The Black Spiritual And The Rise Of American Cultural Interpretation) [Princeton University Press. Princeton, New Jersey] 1999.
3 Dubois William Edward Burghardt The Souls Of Black Folk [A Signet Classic. New American Library. New York City & Scarborough, Ontario. Canada]   1982. Rep. 1st. pub. 1969.
4 Godrich John. Robert M.W. Dixon. Howard Rye. Blues & Gospel Records 1890-1943 4th ed. Rev. [Clarendon Press. Oxford]  1997.
5 Hearn Lafcadio The Selected Writings Of Lafcadio Hearn [The Citadel Press. New York]  1949
6 Illes Judika Encyclopedia Of Spirits (The Ultimate Guide To The Magic Of Fairies, Genies, Demons, Ghosts, Gods, & Goddesses) [HarperOne. New York City] 2009.
7 Komara Edward & Scott Blackwood Notes to American Primitive Vol. II (pre-war Revenants: 1897-1930) 2 x CD. [Revenant RVN 214. USA] c.2008.
8 Long Richard A. Black Americana [Admiral. Leicester, UK.] 1985.
9 Oliver Paul Songsters & Saints (Vocal Traditions On Race Records) [Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. London. New York. New Rochelle. Melbourne. Sydney]  1984.
10 Wilson Ian Before The Flood (Dramatic New Evidence That The Biblical Flood Was A Real-Life Event) [Orion Books] 1 Aug. 2002.
11 Wood J.G. Rev. Scripture Natural History Illustrated-Bible Animals American Ed. [J.W. Lyon & Company, Publishers. G, Uelph, (sic) Ontario. Canada]. 1877. Rep. 1st pub. 1875.
12 All discographical details J. Godrich & Co. Ibid.
13 “Sister Bell” on ‘Goodbye Chain Stores Pt.-1’ is addressed as such by Rev. J.M. Gates.  Also listed by Lawrence Cohn in notes to The Best of Reverend J.M. Gates. [Columbia. Roots ‘n Blues. CK 65710.]  2004.
14 Despite B.&G.R. listing the accompaniment on ‘Pig Or Pup’ by Rev. Emmett Dickinson as “two unknown males” (p.213) and Tony Russell’s assertion that one of them was “occasionally impersonating a woman” [Notes to Document DOCD-5441. Rev. Emmett Dickinson 1929-1930] February 1996; I hear two women and one man. Discussion welcomed!

All corrections/additions by Max Haymes.
All transcriptions by Max Haymes.
Illustrations from author’s collection unless otherwise stated.
Re-formatted for the web by Alan White.

May 2012